Introduction to previous Olympic Games
7/21/2021 11:47:25 AM
1936 Berlin Olympics
The selection of the site of the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin was a historical mistake and a tragedy in the development of the international Olympic movement. Berlin was also designated as the site of the 1916 Olympic Games, because it became the source of war, making the Olympic Games blank. After the war, German militarism was punished, and it was not until 1928 that it was granted the right to participate in the Olympics.
In June 1936, the "Conference for Defending Olympic Ideas" was held in Paris, France. Participants from France, Spain, the United States, the United Kingdom, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands and other countries. The conference called on people to oppose the holding of the Olympic Games in Berlin and actively strive to change the site to Barcelona. The wave of protests swept across the world. New York established a struggle committee. Some European countries made it clear that they would not participate in the Berlin Olympics and actively support the preparation of the Barcelona Olympics. In July, athletes from 20 countries including France, the United Kingdom, the United States, Switzerland, Sweden, and Greece gathered in Barcelona to prepare to participate in the games to be held on July 18. Unfortunately, the games were aborted due to the fascist troubles on the eve of the opening. Regrettably, all this failed to change the original intention of the International Olympic Committee, and the Games were still held in Berlin as scheduled.
The 1936 Olympics were held in Berlin. A total of 3963 athletes (331 female athletes, 3632 male athletes) from 49 Olympic Committee member states and regions participated in 19 major events and 129 minor events. The most memorable thing is that Hitler failed to use the Olympics to prove his Aryan superiority theory. On the contrary, the most popular hero this year is the African-American sprinter and long jumper Jesse, who won 4 gold medals. · Owens.
1948 London Olympics
The 1948 London Olympics was the 14th Summer Olympic Games, which was held in London, England from July 29th to August 14th, 1948.
London hosted the fourth Olympic Games in 1908, and 40 years later, world players once again met here. This was the first Games held 12 years after the Second World War was interrupted, and it was a new starting point for the Olympic Movement. People have experienced the pain of the destruction of their homes and the death of their loved ones in the long war, but here they also appreciate the happiness of peace and friendship. After the Second World War, many countries got rid of colonial rule. Although they were too late to send well-trained players to the competition, they were invited to participate in this grand event.
A total of 4104 athletes (390 female athletes, 3714 male athletes) from 59 countries and regions participated in 17 major events and 136 minor events. For the first time, the women's rowing event became an Olympic event, and Karen Hoff of Denmark won the gold medal. The 17-year-old American player Matthias won the gold medal after only 4 months in the decathlon event. He was also the youngest athlete to win the gold medal in the men's track and field event in the history of the Olympic Games.
In 1937, Japan launched its war of aggression against China. Under pressure from the military, the Japanese Olympic Committee had to announce that Japan could not hold the Olympic Games in 1940. Under this situation, the International Olympic Committee decided to change the venue of the Olympic Games to Helsinki, which was scheduled to be from July 20 to August 4, 1940. Due to the outbreak of World War II, Finland notified the International Olympic Committee on January 1, 1940 to give up the right to host. Afterwards, wars spread throughout Europe and the world, and the 12th Olympic Games was aborted. On the eve of World War II, the International Olympic Committee also selected the site of the 13th Olympic Games. The London meeting of the International Olympic Committee from July 6 to 9, 1939 selected the venue for the Olympic Games in London, but the Olympic Games were not held due to the war.
The two world wars of the 20th century made the three Olympic Games planned in 1916, 1940, and 1944 a blank. People call these years the darkest years in the history of the Olympic movement. It ruined the Olympic Games and stifled the development of world sports.
1952 Helsinki Olympics
The 1952 Olympics was hosted by a rapidly emerging sports power. Although Finland has a small population and a small size, sports are quite popular. It has achieved excellent results in the Winter and Summer Olympics and made a useful contribution to the Olympic movement. . The Olympic Games held in Finland was full of enthusiasm. Helsinki, the capital, welcomed nearly 4,955 athletes from 69 countries in the world. The competition has a total of 17 major events and 149 minor events. The level of competition in the competition is higher than that of previous Olympic Games. Helsinki is highly praised for this. Among them, the Soviet Union and New China participated for the first time, which attracted attention.
The Soviet team, which participated for the first time, attached great importance to the Games. It sent a total of 295 athletes, ranking first among all countries; followed by the United States with 286; and the host ranked third with a total of 260. There were 257 in the UK, 246 in France, 226 in Italy, 206 in Sweden, and 205 in the Federal Republic of Germany.
This Olympic Games has a total of 17 major events and 149 minor events. Compared with the previous one, the competition events have not changed much, but the modern pentathlon team events have been added, and the art competition established 40 years ago has been cancelled.